Deepfakes Timeline

AI-generated deepfakes do not have a really long history, but the technology was developed so fast that now bad actors can create realistic synthetic videos easily.

March 2021
Tom Cruise Deepfake

The convincing Tom Cruise deepfakes that went viral took lots of skill to create.

January 2021
President of Algeria's video

The President of Algeria's video created great confusion in the public as he was too sick to speak to his citizens. Many people did not believe this video is real, so they checked it on our scanner.

January 2021
Deepfake Threat Mentioned in TV-Series
October 2020
Deepfake Telegram Bot

Deepfake bot on Telegram is violating women by forging nudes from regular pics.

October 2020
Twitter Introducing New Policy Towards Deepfakes

Twitter drafts a deepfake policy that would label and warn, but not always remove, manipulated media

September 2020
Putin Deepfake Video

A new advertising campaign from anti-corruption non-profit RepresentUs uses deepfake technology to deliver a message about democracy.

September 2020
Microsoft Deepfake Detection Tool
Microsoft made public that they are developing a Deepfake detection software tool.
August 2020
AI-generated Elon Musk joined a Zoom call has gone viral

A new deepfake-powered filter allows video conferencing participants to make themselves look like practically any famous person, living or dead, ranging from the Mona Lisa to Steve Jobs and Elon Musk.

February 2020
Indian Election Campaign
A day ahead of the Legislative Assembly elections in Delhi, two deepfake videos of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) President Manoj Tiwari criticising the incumbent Delhi government of Arvind Kejriwal went viral on WhatsApp.
December 2019
Deepfake Detection Challange (DFDC)

Facebook was the prominent partner in hosting the Deepfake Detection Challenge (DFDC), to 2114 participants who generated more than 35000 models.

December 2019
David Beckham Deepfake Video

The recent global campaign showing Malaria survivors speaking through David Beckham to help raise awareness around the Malaria Must Die initiative spooked a lot of people:

 

October 2019
California and Texas ban political deepfake videos

California and Texas have passed a law meant to prevent altered “deepfake” videos from influencing elections in a plan that has raised free speech concerns.

September 2019
CEO Deepfake Scam

Criminals used artificial intelligence-based software to impersonate a chief executive’s voice and demand a fraudulent transfer of €220,000 ($243,000) in what cybercrime experts described as an unusual case of artificial intelligence being used in hacking.

August 2019
DARPA Is Taking On the Deepfake Problem

The Defense Department is looking to build tools that can quickly detect deepfakes and other manipulated media amid the growing threat of “large-scale, automated disinformation attacks.”

August 2019
ZAO APP
Chinese deepfake app that allows users to substitute their own faces onto those of characters in scenes from films and television shows such as Romeo + Juliet and Game of Thrones
July 2019
FaceApp

AI photo editor FaceApp goes viral after adding AI-based age filter.

June 2019
DeepNude

In June 2019, a downloadable Windows and Linux application called DeepNude was released, which used neural networks, specifically generative adversarial networks, to remove clothing from women's images.

June 2019
House holds hearing on "deepfakes" and artificial intelligence amid national security concerns

The House Intelligence Committee heard from experts on the threats that so-called "deep fake" videos and other types of artificial intelligence-generated synthetic data pose to the U.S. election system and national security at large. 

May 2018
US Senator Voices His Concern About Deepfakes

US Senator Marco Rubio voices his concerns about
deepfakes at the Senate Intelligence Committee nomination hearing

April 2018
Obama Deepfake Video
Deepfake video of former US president Barack Obama raises mainstream awareness.  
April 2018
Rana Ayyub is Targeted by Deepfake Pornography
Indian journalist Rana Ayyub is targeted by deepfake pornography using her image and fake impersonation accounts on social media, with the intent to humiliate and defame.
February 2018
Platforms Banning Deepfakes

Several websites, including Discord, Gfycat, Pornhub
and Twitter, ban deepfakes with varying degrees of success.

January 2018
Deepfake Creation Services

The first of many websites offering a deepfake creation service is launched, funded by user donations.

November 2017
/r/deepfakes Subreddit Created

The term deepfakes originated around the end of 2017 from a Reddit user named "deepfakes". He, as well as others in the Reddit community r/deepfakes, shared deepfakes they created

June 2014
First GAN Developed

A generative adversarial network (GAN) is a class of machine learning frameworks designed by Ian Goodfellow and his colleagues in 2014.

1997
Video Rewrite launched

In 1997 the Video Rewrite program modified existing video footage of a person speaking to depict that person mouthing the words contained in a different audio track.